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airports and seaports in Netherlands,

Navigating the Netherlands: Major Airports and Seaports

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Netherlands, known for its strategic location in Europe and a strong tradition of trade, hosts an intricate network of airports and seaports that are pivotal in facilitating global commerce and travel. This well-developed infrastructure not only supports the Dutch economy but also serves as a vital link for international trade, particularly between Europe and other parts of the world, including China. The seamless operation of these gateways underscores the Netherlands’ role as a logistical and transportation hub, with Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and the Port of Rotterdam leading the charge as some of the busiest and most advanced entry points in Europe. This overview delves into the significant airports and seaports across the Netherlands, highlighting their capacities, technological advancements, and contributions to both cargo and passenger services.

Major Airports in Netherlands

The Netherlands has several major airports that handle significant cargo volumes, including Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Maastricht Aachen Airport, and Rotterdam The Hague Airport. Of these, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is the largest and busiest cargo airport in the Netherlands.

According to data from 2023, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol handled over 1.6 million metric tons of cargo, while Maastricht Aachen Airport and Rotterdam The Hague Airport handled approximately 181,000 metric tons and 41,000 metric tons of cargo, respectively.
The number of weekly flights can vary depending on seasonal demand and airline schedules. Still, on average, there are typically around 20-30 cargo flights from China to the Netherlands each week.

It’s worth noting that the exact percentage of cargo shipped from China to the Netherlands varies depending on the specific airport and airline. However, given the strong economic ties between China and the Netherlands, a significant portion of the cargo handled by Dutch airports originates in China.

Here is a list of the major international  cargo seaports in Netherlands:

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is the largest airport in the Netherlands and one of the biggest in Europe. It is located approximately 9 kilometers southwest of Amsterdam and is the main hub for KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. Schiphol is a major cargo airport, handling a significant portion of the air cargo traffic in Europe. The airport has a dedicated cargo terminal with state-of-the-art technology for cargo tracking and handling and specialized facilities for handling perishable and dangerous goods. In addition to its cargo operations, Schiphol is a busy passenger airport, with over 70 million passengers passing in 2022. The airport is known for its modern facilities, excellent connectivity, and commitment to sustainability and innovation.

Schiphol has modern and efficient cargo handling equipment, a large cargo terminal with state-of-the-art technology for cargo tracking and handling, specialized facilities for handling perishable cargo, and several warehouses for storing and handling dangerous goods.

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol handles around 100-120 cargo flights daily, although this number can vary depending on airline schedules and seasonal demand.

Schiphol is consistently ranked among the top airports in Europe and the world, and in 2020 it was the 4th busiest airport in Europe in terms of cargo volume. The airport has also been recognized for its commitment to sustainability and innovation, receiving awards such as the “Best Airport in Europe” award from the Airports Council International (ACI) in 2022.

Information Details
IATA Code AMS
ICAO Code EHAM
City Amsterdam
Elevation 11 feet (3 meters) above sea level
Runways 6 (3 asphalt, 3 concrete)
Longest Runway 12,467 feet (3,800 meters)
Airlines KLM, Delta Air Lines, Transavia, easyJet, and more
Destinations 332 (as of April 2023)

Maastricht Aachen Airport

Maastricht Aachen Airport sits snugly in the southern Netherlands, close to Maastricht, and is a busy spot for regional air cargo. It’s a key player in the e-commerce and express courier world, equipped with a cargo terminal that boasts the latest in security and tracking technology. This isn’t just any terminal—it’s designed to handle sensitive cargo like fresh food and live animals, as well as a range of other goods. On any given day, the airport sees about 10 to 15 cargo flights, a combination of scheduled and charter, whisking goods across the skies with different airlines.

While Maastricht Aachen Airport might not feature on the list of Europe’s or the world’s busiest airports for cargo or passengers, it’s a heavyweight in its category. As a regional cargo hub, it’s earned a solid reputation for its efficient and specialized services. In the Dutch air freight landscape, it takes the bronze, ranking third in cargo activity right behind the big players—Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Eindhoven Airport.

Summing it up, Maastricht Aachen may fly under the radar compared to Europe’s giant airports, but its contribution to air cargo is anything but small. With its state-of-the-art facilities and niche handling capabilities, it’s an invaluable asset for the logistics sector, keeping businesses moving and connecting commerce with the sky’s vast network.

Information Details
IATA Code MST
ICAO Code EHBK
City Maastricht
Elevation 375 feet (114 meters) above sea level
Runways 2 (asphalt)
Longest Runway 7,874 feet (2,400 meters)
Airlines DHL Aviation, FedEx Express, UPS Airlines, and more
Destinations 28 (as of April 2023)

Rotterdam The Hague Airport

Rotterdam The Hague Airport is a regional gem located in the south of the Netherlands, serving Rotterdam and The Hague. It’s a go-to airport for budget-friendly travel and regional air services, providing a mix of both passenger and cargo flights. The airport prides itself on a contemporary cargo terminal decked out with the latest in cargo tracking and handling tech. It’s also well-equipped for dealing with a variety of cargo types, including the temperature-sensitive, the hazardous, and the extra-large.

This airport manages an average of 2 to 3 cargo flights daily, but these numbers aren’t set in stone—they fluctuate with the airlines’ flying schedules and the seasonal highs and lows of shipping demand. Despite its smaller size, Rotterdam The Hague Airport punches above its weight in terms of efficiency and modern facilities, maintaining a steady stream of cargo traffic.

In the Dutch aviation scene, Rotterdam The Hague Airport might not take the top spot for cargo or passenger traffic on an international scale, but it holds its own as an important regional hub. It’s recognized for its operational efficiency and has secured the fourth spot in the Netherlands for cargo throughput, following Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Eindhoven Airport, and Maastricht Aachen Airport. This standing highlights its significance in the Netherlands’ network of airports, facilitating cargo and passenger travel with a touch of Dutch efficiency.

Information Details
IATA Code RTM
ICAO Code EHRD
City Rotterdam
Elevation 14 ft (4 m) above sea level
Runways 1 (asphalt)
Longest Runway 7,546 ft (2,300 m)
Airlines 12
Destinations 44 (as of April 2023)

Other Airports in Netherlands​

Here are the other major international airports in Netherlands:

  • Maastricht Aachen Airport (MST/EHBK)
  • Eindhoven Airport (EIN/EHEH)
  • Groningen Airport Eelde (GRQ/EHGG)
  • Lelystad Airport (LEY/EHLE)
  • Enschede Airport Twente (ENS/EHTW)
  • De Kooy Airfield (DHR/EHKD)
  • Texel International Airport (TXL/EHTX)
  • Hilversum Airport (EHHV)
  • Midden-Zeeland Airport (ARN/EHMZ)
  • Rotterdam The Hague Airport (EHRD)
  • Zeeland Airport (EHMZ)
  • Breda International Airport (EHSE)

Major Seaports in Netherlands

Seaports are critical components of the Netherlands’ transportation infrastructure and play a vital role in its economy. They serve as gateways for trade, connecting businesses to global markets. Major seaports handle significant amounts of cargo, have modern facilities and infrastructure, and are strategically located to support international work.

Port of Rotterdam

The Port of Rotterdam is the largest seaport in Europe and one of the busiest in the world. It is located in the city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands. It has a wide range of facilities to handle various types of cargo, including containers, bulk cargo, liquid bulk, and breakbulk cargo.
Thousands of tons of cargo are shipped from China to the Netherlands every month via the Port of Rotterdam. China is the third-largest trading partner of the Port of Rotterdam, with a significant amount of goods being imported and exported between the two countries.
The Port of Rotterdam has received several awards for its efficiency and sustainability initiatives. In 2020, it was awarded the “Port of the Year” by Lloyd’s List for its efforts in digitalization and decarbonization. The port has also implemented various sustainability measures, such as using renewable energy sources and reducing emissions, to minimize its environmental impact.

Information Value
Address Havennummer 3000, 3199 KT Maasvlakte, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Port Authority Port of Rotterdam Authority
Phone +31 (0)10 252 10 10
Fax +31 (0)10 252 11 11
Email info@portofrotterdam.com
Coordinates 51.9516° N, 4.1308° E
Decimal 51.9516, 4.1308
UN/LOCODE NLRTM
Port Type Seaport
Port Size Large
Website https://www.portofrotterdam.com/
Terminal Multiple terminals, including ECT Delta Terminal, Euromax Terminal Rotterdam, and APMT Rotterdam Terminal.

Port of Amsterdam

The Port of Amsterdam is a large seaport located in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Port of Amsterdam Authority operates it responsible for managing and developing the port’s facilities and infrastructure.
The port offers a wide range of facilities to support various types of cargo, including container terminals, dry bulk terminals, liquid bulk terminals, and ro-ro terminals. It also has a dedicated cruise terminal for passenger ships.
The Port of Amsterdam handles significant cargo from China monthly, including electronics, machinery, and consumer goods. In 2020, the port handled over 82 million tons of cargo, with approximately 10% of that volume coming from China.
In recognition of its efforts to promote sustainable shipping practices and reduce carbon emissions, the Port of Amsterdam has received several awards, including the Green and World Ports Sustainability awards.
Overall, the Port of Amsterdam is vital in the global shipping chain and is an essential gateway for businesses looking to trade with Europe.

Information Value
Address Havennummer, 1013 AP Amsterdam, Netherlands
Port Authority Port of Amsterdam
Phone +31 20 523 4000
Fax +31 20 523 4099
Email info@portofamsterdam.com
Coordinates 52.3878° N, 4.9052° E
Decimal 52.3878, 4.9052
UN/LOCODE NLAMS
Port Type Seaport
Port Size Medium
Website https://www.portofamsterdam.com/en
Terminal Multiple terminals, including Afrikahaven, Amerikahaven, and Westhaven.

Port of Moerdijk

The Port of Moerdijk is a large seaport in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. It is situated at the intersection of two major waterways, the Hollands Diep and the Dordtsche Kil, making it an essential gateway for shipping between Europe and the rest of the world.
The port offers a wide range of facilities, including deep-water quays, warehousing, and distribution centers, making it a popular choice for businesses involved in shipping and logistics. It also has direct rail connections to the European hinterland, further enhancing its accessibility and efficiency.
Every month, tons of shipments from China arrive at the Port of Moerdijk, making it a crucial hub for trade between China and the Netherlands. The port’s strategic location and excellent infrastructure make it an attractive option for businesses looking to optimize their supply chain and reduce transportation costs.
The Port of Moerdijk has received several awards and accolades for its commitment to sustainability and environmental responsibility in recent years. It has implemented several initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint and minimize waste, including using renewable energy and adopting circular economy principles.

Information Value
Address Plaza 1, 4782 SL Moerdijk, Netherlands
Port Authority Port of Moerdijk
Phone +31 168 376 677
Email info@portofmoerdijk.nl
Coordinates 51.7035° N, 4.6315° E
Decimal 51.7035, 4.6315
UN/LOCODE NLMOE
Port Type Seaport
Port Size Medium
Website https://www.portofmoerdijk.nl/
Terminal Multiple terminals, including APM Terminals Moerdijk and Combined Cargo Terminal.

Port of Vlissingen

The Port of Vlissingen, also known as Flushing, is a deep-sea port in the southwestern of the Netherlands. It is strategically located at the mouth of the Westerschelde estuary, making it an ideal gateway for trade with Europe. The port has a long history of handling international cargo, including shipments from China to the Netherlands.
The facilities at the Port of Vlissingen include multiple terminals that can handle a wide range of cargo, including bulk, breakbulk, and containerized goods. The port has modern infrastructure, including deepwater quays, large storage areas, and efficient handling equipment. The port is also well-connected to road, rail, and inland waterway networks, making transporting cargo to other parts of Europe easy.
The Port of Vlissingen handles millions of cargo monthly, including goods from China to the Netherlands. The port has become a significant hub for international trade, focusing on energy, chemicals, and heavy industry. In recent years, the port has invested heavily in sustainable practices, including renewable energy, waste reduction, and environmental management.
The Port of Vlissingen has received several awards for its commitment to sustainable practices and efficient operations. In 2020, the port was named the Best Port in Europe at the Green Shipping Summit in Rotterdam. The award recognized the port’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions, promote sustainable transportation, and improve regional air and water quality.

Information Value
Address Havennummer 600, 4382 LZ Vlissingen, Netherlands
Port Authority North Sea Port
Phone +31 115 647 400
Fax +31 115 647 401
Email info@northseaport.com
Coordinates 51.4435° N, 3.5835° E
Decimal 51.4435, 3.5835
UN/LOCODE NLVLI
Port Type Seaport
Port Size Large
Website https://www.northseaport.com/en/ports/vlissingen
Terminal Multiple terminals, including Vlaeynatie Vlissingen Terminal and Kloosterboer Vlissingen Terminal.

Other seaports in Netherlands

The below table is a list of some of the other seaports of Netherlands with their location and coordination:

Port Name Address Phone Coordinates Port Size Website
Port of Terneuzen Handelspoort 1, 4538 BN Terneuzen, Netherlands +31 115 647400 51.3292° N, 3.8461° E Large https://www.portofzeeland.com/en/terneuzen-port
Port of Dordrecht Havenstraat 1, 3311 JA Dordrecht, Netherlands +31 78 639 3111 51.8085° N, 4.6744° E Medium https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/dordrecht-port
Port of Harlingen Zuidoostersingel 1, 8861 XB Harlingen, Netherlands +31 517 493400 53.1753° N, 5.4284° E Small https://www.portofharlingen.nl/
Port of Den Helder Havenplein 1, 1781 AB Den Helder, Netherlands +31 223 671717 52.9595° N, 4.7675° E Small https://www.portofdenhelder.nl/
Port of Eemshaven Borkumweg 2, 9979 XX Eemshaven, Netherlands +31 596 636500 53.4394° N, 6.8461° E Large https://www.portofeemshaven.com/
Port of Groningen Osloweg 13, 9723 BG Groningen, Netherlands +31 50 311 6500 53.2305° N, 6.5679° E Medium https://www.seaports.nl/en/port-of-groningen
Port of Maastricht Beatrixhaven 3, 6222 NS Maastricht, Netherlands +31 43 388 3800 50.8659° N, 5.7031° E Small https://www.portofmaastricht.nl/

Conclusion

The intricate network of airports and seaports in the Netherlands is a testament to the country’s pivotal role in global trade and transportation. Facilities like Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and the Port of Rotterdam are not just national assets but also key players on the international stage, facilitating vast amounts of cargo and passenger movement with remarkable efficiency and commitment to sustainability. The strategic positioning, advanced infrastructure, and continuous innovation at these gateways ensure the Netherlands remains a critical hub for commerce and travel, bridging Europe with the rest of the world, including significant trade partners like China. As global trade dynamics evolve, the airports and seaports of the Netherlands are well-equipped to adapt and thrive, further cementing the country’s status as a logistical powerhouse.

FAQ

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol operates 24/7, including holidays, ensuring continuous service for both cargo and passenger flights. However, certain facilities within the airport, like shops and restaurants, may have varying operating hours.

Maastricht Aachen Airport specializes in handling a variety of cargo, including e-commerce goods, express courier packages, perishable items, and live animals, thanks to its state-of-the-art facilities and dedicated cargo terminal.

The Port of Amsterdam offers advanced cargo tracking systems that allow shippers and recipients to monitor their shipments in real-time. This can typically be done through the port's official website or the shipping line's tracking services.

The Port of Vlissingen employs stringent security measures, including 24/7 surveillance, secure fencing, access control, and regular inspections, to ensure the safety and security of all cargo passing through the port.

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